Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus

Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus Critically Endangered The Javan Rhinoceros currently lives in lowland tropical rainforest areas, especially in the vicinity of water (Schenkel and Schenkel 1969). The species formerly lived in more open mixed forest and grassland and on high mountains. Javan rhinos are the most threatened of the five rhino species, with only aroundContinue reading “Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus”

Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis

Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis Critically Endangered The painted terrapin, painted batagur, or saw-jawed turtle (Batagur borneoensis) is a species of turtle found in the rainforests of Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra and Kalimantan), Malaysia, and Thailand. Harvesting by fishermen to eat, poaching to meet pet and food demand, habitat loss due to land conversion to palm oil,Continue reading “Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis”

Boo-Liat’s Kukri Snake Oligodon booliati

Boo-Liat’s Kukri Snake Oligodon booliati Critically Endangered This vivid red fossorial species of snake is found on leaf litter in lowland forest on the island of Malaysia. The forests of Tioman are not protected and are currently subject to private management. The island is a well-known tourist destination and development for both residential and touristContinue reading “Boo-Liat’s Kukri Snake Oligodon booliati”

Malaysian Giant Turtle Orlitia borneensis

Malaysian Giant Turtle Orlitia borneensis Critically Endangered The Malaysian Giant Turtle inhabits freshwater swamps, lakes and river systems. The diet in the wild is unknown, but captives are omnivorous. Little information is available about the species life history. Orlitia borneensis is considered Endangered in Indonesia and reported mostly from national parks; they appear to beContinue reading “Malaysian Giant Turtle Orlitia borneensis”

Large-spotted Civet Viverra megaspila

Large-spotted Civet Viverra megaspila Endangered Extant (resident): Cambodia; Laos; Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; Thailand Possibly Extinct: China; Vietnam The Large-spotted Civet is listed as Endangered because of an ongoing and projected future population decline, of more than 50% over three generations (taken to be 15 years) in the past and the future, inferred from range-wideContinue reading “Large-spotted Civet Viverra megaspila”

Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus

Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus Vulnerable Locations: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. Sun Bears are a forest-dependent species, favouring interior mature and/or heterogeneously structured primary forests (Augeri 2005). There are two ecologically distinct categories of tropical forest that comprise their natural range, distinguished by differences in climate, phenology, and floristic composition:Continue reading “Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus”

Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos

Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos Endangered This primate species is endemic to Sumatra and is tolerant of habitat conversion to a degree (V. Nijman pers. comm.), and can be found in disturbed and secondary forest areas. The Yellow-handed Mitered Langur have also been found in primary and secondary hill rainforest, shrub forest and plantations. ThisContinue reading “Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos”

Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi

Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi Vulnerable Sumatra, Indonesia The Thomas’s Langur is a species of primate that has been recorded from undisturbed primary rainforest near Ketambe Research Station in Sumatra (Sterck et al. 2005). They have also been recorded from a mosaic of primary and secondary forest with rubber plantations on its fringes (Wich and deContinue reading “Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi”

Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana

Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana Endangered Extant (resident): Cambodia; Indonesia; Malaysia; Thailand; Vietnam Possibly Extinct: Brunei Extinct: India; Myanmar Presence Uncertain: Laos Hairy-nosed Otters live in freshwater and coastal areas, especially mangroves in Indonesia, as well as rivers and waterways of other parts of South East Asia including Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. However thisContinue reading “Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana”

Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis

Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis Critically Endangered Location: Sumatra, Indonesia The Sumatran Ground-cuckoo is a poorly known terrestrial forest bird is thought to have an extremely small and declining population, and as such they qualify as Critically Endangered, although further information might warrant a reassessment of their status. This species is endemic to the island ofContinue reading “Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis”

Sumatran Slow Loris Nycticebus hilleri

This wide-eyed and cute slow loris species lives in areas such as lowland forest, sub-montane forest, and montane forest in the Ulu Masen (Kasia et al. 2011). A key threat to the Sumatran Slow Loris is habitat loss (Kasia et al. 2011). They are easy to catch when forest is converted to palm oil and other crops.

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae Endangered Indonesia (Sumatra) A species of bird that lives in montane evergreen forest in Sumatra, Indonesia. The species has undergone a very rapid decline across the majority of their range due to trapping for the cage bird trade along with habitat loss. The species is now absent from sites at whichContinue reading “Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae”

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis Critically Endangered Population: fewer than 1,500 A mini sized Asian elephant subspecies is the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. These elephants are Critically Endangered. Borneo’s elephants are genetically distinct from any South and Southeast Asian population and may have been isolated for over 300,000 years. Elephants in Asia inhabit regions thatContinue reading “Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis”

Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii

Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii Critically Endangered Population: 13,846 Sumatran Orangutans inhabit moist lowland forest, montane forest and peat swamps. They are diurnal and almost exclusively arboreal; females virtually never travel on the ground and adult males do so only rarely. Sumatran Orangutans are primarily frugivores, but also eat young and mature leaves, seeds, shoots, pith,Continue reading “Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii”

Africa: Species Endangered by Palm Oil Deforestation

As tropical Asia nears its capacity for oil-palm plantations, Africa has become the new frontier for this crop, which offers excellent economic prospects in countries with appropriate rainfall, soil and temperature conditions (Rival and Lavang 2014). Unfortunately, these areas coincide with thousands of hectares of rainforest because it’s suitable for oil palm (Wich et al.Continue reading “Africa: Species Endangered by Palm Oil Deforestation”