Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus
The Javan Rhinoceros currently lives in lowland tropical rainforest areas, especially in the vicinity of water (Schenkel and Schenkel 1969). The species formerly lived in more open mixed forest and grassland and on high mountains. Javan rhinos are the most threatened of the five rhino species, with only around 60 individuals that live only in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, Indonesia. Javan rhinos once lived throughout northeast India and Southeast Asia. Vietnam’s last Javan rhino was poached in 2010. Because of their rarity, little is known about its preferred habitat, but they are not naturally restricted to dense tropical forest (Schenkel and Schenkel 1969); the habitat in which they currently exist may not be optimal.
The Javan #Rhino is the world’s most endangered of the 5 #rhinoceros species. There are only a few dozen left. Their main threat is #palmoil expansion and #deforestation. Support them with your shop and #Boycott4WildlifeTweet
Arenga palm is problematic for a number of reasons. Where Arenga palm dominates, little else grows. Currently, an estimated 60% (18,000 ha) of the peninsular section of the Park is covered with Arenga palm (B. Talukdar 2009 in litt.), precluding the growth of suitable rhino food. An Arenga palm removal/management effort was initiated in 2010 in the Gunung Honje portion of the park as part of the Javan Rhino Study and Conservation Area. As of December 2018, 150 ha of Arenga have been removed from the area.
Ellis, S. & Talukdar, B. 2020. Rhinoceros sondaicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T19495A18493900. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T19495A18493900.en. Downloaded on 24 January 2021.
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