Celebrate #WorldRhinoDay by leaving the forests alone and #Boycottpalmoil to save imperilled Sumatran & Javan Rhinos

Indonesia manage to conserve two of the world’s five rhinoceros species. Both the Javan rhino Rhinoceros sondaicus and the Sumatran rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis still exist today, uniquely only in the country. Extractive industries and large-scale palm oil plantations have transformed the landscape of Sumatra. As a result, the Sumatran rhino’s populations were driven to theContinue reading “Celebrate #WorldRhinoDay by leaving the forests alone and #Boycottpalmoil to save imperilled Sumatran & Javan Rhinos”

Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi

Philippine Eagles are classified as Critically Endangered due to enormous habitat decline and anthropogenic threats. There are estimated to be 180-600 eagles left in the wild. Forest destruction and fragmentation, through commercial timber extraction and shifting cultivation, is the principal long-term threat. Much of the land surrounding Davao has been converted from forest land to agricultural to grow banana, coffee, cacao, palm oil and another oil-producing plant called jatropha.

How do we protect the rapidly disappearing Javan Rhino?

With only 74 individuals left, the remarkable and beautiful Javan Rhino is on the brink of extinction and can be found on one of the most densely populated islands in the world – Java. Boycotting palm oil is how you can help them. Sunarto, Universitas Indonesia The Javan rhino was once found throughout many partsContinue reading “How do we protect the rapidly disappearing Javan Rhino?”

Knobbed Hornbill Rhyticeros cassidix

Knobbed Hornbill Rhyticeros cassidix Sulawesi, Indonesia Vulnerable Recent analysis has suggested that the Knobbed Hornbill may be declining at a rate approaching 40% over three generations based on recent and ongoing rates of habitat loss on Sulawesi (D. Holmes in litt. 1999, Kinnaird and O’Brien 2007). IUCN red list The Knobbed Hornbill is spectacular andContinue reading “Knobbed Hornbill Rhyticeros cassidix”

Binturong Arctictis binturong

Binturong Arctictis binturong Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Jawa, Sumatera); Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Sarawak, Sabah, Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; Nepal; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam Presence Uncertain: Brunei Darussalam Vulnerable Habitat loss has been the predominant driver of decline of the Binturong’s southern (Sundaic) portion of the range, where a significant proportion of lowlandContinue reading “Binturong Arctictis binturong”

Sulawesi Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus exarhatus

Sulawesi Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus exarhatus Indonesia Vulnerable The Sulawesi Hornbill is threatened with habitat destruction, with forest on Sulawesi being lost at a rate of 16.9% per ten years during 1985-1997; and 36.1% per ten years during 1997-2001 (based on D. A. Holmes in litt. 1999 and Kinnaird and O’Brien 2007). The species’s specialised breeding requirementsContinue reading “Sulawesi Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus exarhatus”

Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata

Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Sarawak, Sabah, Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam Near Threatened Southeast Asia has one of the highest and fastest deforestation rates mainly due to logging and forest conversion for human settlements, agriculture, oil palm, coffee, rubberContinue reading “Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata”

Leopard Panthera pardus

Leopard Panthera pardus Vulnerable Living: (Parts of) Central and Southern Africa, The Middle East, Southern Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia. Possibly Extinct: Gambia; Israel; Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Lesotho; Tajikistan; Viet Nam Extinct: Hong Kong; Jordan; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Lebanon; Mauritania; Morocco; Singapore; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates;Continue reading “Leopard Panthera pardus”

King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah

King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah Vulnerable Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India The King Cobra lives in a variety of habitats, primarily in pristine forests, but they can also be found in degraded forest, mangrove swamps and even agricultural areas with remnants of woodland. They have also been found swimming in rivers in non-forested landContinue reading “King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah”

Spectral Tarsier Tarsius tarsier

Spectral Tarsier Tarsius tarsier Vulnerable Sulawesi, Indonesia These adaptable creatures are able to cling and leap in the understory of suitable tropical habitats, often two meters or less from the ground. Nocturnal social primates, the Spectral Tarsier likely live in small, monogamous or polygamous groupings of up to 26 individuals, although further study is needed.Continue reading “Spectral Tarsier Tarsius tarsier”

Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis

Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis Endangered Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh The Bengal Slow Loris are wide-eyed beauties that are arboreal and nocturnal and live in tropical evergreen rainforest, semi-evergreen forest, and mixed deciduous forest. In Vietnam they are found only in secondary forests, and on the edge of primary forests; the species alsoContinue reading “Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis”

Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus

Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus Endangered Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Brunei Extinct: Singapore The Wrinkled Hornbill is a magnificent and ancient looking bird that lives in primary evergreen and swamp forests up to 1,000 m. They can live in selectively logged forest if primary forests are adjacent, but they do not occur in secondary forest. Forest firesContinue reading “Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus”

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi Endangered Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia, Brunei, Thailand The Storm’s Stork occurs at low densities in large, undisturbed blocks of level lowland forest, particularly freshwater and peat-swamp forests, on the floodplains of large rivers. They also frequent disturbed, recently burned and logged areas, and occasionally areas subject to tidal movements, although these mayContinue reading “Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi”

Wild Water Buffalo Bubalus arnee

Wild Water Buffalo Bubalus arnee Endangered India, Nepal, all South East Asia The Wild Water Buffalo is very dependent on the availability of water and historically their preferred habitats were low-lying alluvial grasslands including bheels (ox-bow lakes and similar pools left by changing river courses) and their surrounds; river banks, and chaporis (small sandy islandsContinue reading “Wild Water Buffalo Bubalus arnee”

Malayan Forest Gecko Cyrtodactylus pulchellus

Malayan Forest Gecko Cyrtodactylus pulchellus Endangered Malaysia (Peninsular) The Malaysian Forest Gecko is a nocturnal and scansorial species that lives in granite rock-forest (Grismer et al. 2012). Occasionally animals will opportunistically utilize nearby vegetation and the outer walls of buildings (L. Grismer and E. Quah pers. comm. 2017). Continued collection of the Malaysian Forest GeckoContinue reading “Malayan Forest Gecko Cyrtodactylus pulchellus”

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus Endangered Borneo, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Bangladesh, India, Singapore The Masked Finfoot lives principally in rivers in lowland riverine forest including mangroves, but has been recorded in coastal and inland wetlands, such as tidal creeks, flooded forest, swamps and lakes (rarely reservoirs or industrial pools on passage). OneContinue reading “Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus”

Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri

Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri Endangered Indonesia (Kalimantan); Malaysia (Borneo) The ecological needs of the Bornean Peacock-pheasant are poorly understood. Analyses using geographical information systems (GIS) indicate that they live in the lowland plain and lowland dipterocarp forest on moderately fertile soils, probably avoiding wetter substrates in swamp-forest or near water-bodies. A recent study further confirmedContinue reading “Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri”

Sipora Flying Squirrel Hylopetes sipora

Sipora Flying Squirrel Hylopetes sipora Endangered Indonesia (Sumatra) The world’s gliding mammals are an extraordinary group of animals that have the ability to glide from tree to tree with seemingly effortless grace. There are more than 60 species of gliding mammals including the flying squirrels from Europe and North America, the scaly-tailed flying squirrels from central Africa and the gliding possumsContinue reading “Sipora Flying Squirrel Hylopetes sipora”

Mentawi Flying Squirrel Iomys sipora

Mentawi Flying Squirrel Iomys sipora Endangered Indonesia (Sumatera) The world’s gliding mammals are an extraordinary group of animals that have the ability to glide from tree to tree with seemingly effortless grace. There are more than 60 species of gliding mammals including the flying squirrels from Europe and North America, the scaly-tailed flying squirrels from central Africa and the gliding possumsContinue reading “Mentawi Flying Squirrel Iomys sipora”

Vordermann’s Flying Squirrel Petinomys vordermanni

Vordermann’s Flying Squirrel Petinomys vordermanni Vulnerable Malaysia, Brunei, Borneo The world’s gliding mammals are an extraordinary group of animals that have the ability to glide from tree to tree with seemingly effortless grace. There are more than 60 species of gliding mammals including the flying squirrels from Europe and North America, the scaly-tailed flying squirrels from central Africa and the glidingContinue reading “Vordermann’s Flying Squirrel Petinomys vordermanni”