Dusky Langur Trachypithecus obscurus

Dusky Langur Trachypithecus obscurus Endangered Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand Hunting for food is a major threat, as is fragmentation, habitat loss and degradation due to expanding oil palm plantations, agriculture, urbanization, and touristic development (Groves et al. 2013). In Peninsular Malaysia the langurs are frequent victims of road-kill (Boonratana 2003). IUCN Red list Playful, gregarious andContinue reading “Dusky Langur Trachypithecus obscurus”

King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah

King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah Vulnerable Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India The King Cobra lives in a variety of habitats, primarily in pristine forests, but they can also be found in degraded forest, mangrove swamps and even agricultural areas with remnants of woodland. They have also been found swimming in rivers in non-forested landContinue reading “King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah”

Pileated Gibbon Hylobates pileatus

Pileated Gibbon Hylobates pileatus Endangered Cambodia; Laos, Thailand The Pileated Gibbon is listed as Endangered as they are suspected to have experienced a reduction of more than 50% over a time frame of three generations (45 years) in the past. Most populations are not yet secured in protected areas, and the main threats are habitatContinue reading “Pileated Gibbon Hylobates pileatus”

Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis

Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis Endangered Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh The Bengal Slow Loris are wide-eyed beauties that are arboreal and nocturnal and live in tropical evergreen rainforest, semi-evergreen forest, and mixed deciduous forest. In Vietnam they are found only in secondary forests, and on the edge of primary forests; the species alsoContinue reading “Bengal Slow Loris Nycticebus bengalensis”

Lar Gibbon Hylobates lar

Lar Gibbon Hylobates lar Endangered Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Bangladesh The Lar Gibbon is found in evergreen, semi-evergreen, and mixed evergreen-deciduous forest (sometimes known as “dry evergreen” forest, in the northern parts of their range), and is known to utilize regenerating secondary forest and selectively logged forest (Johns 1985). In northwestern Thailand, white-handed gibbonsContinue reading “Lar Gibbon Hylobates lar”

Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus

Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus Endangered Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Brunei Extinct: Singapore The Wrinkled Hornbill is a magnificent and ancient looking bird that lives in primary evergreen and swamp forests up to 1,000 m. They can live in selectively logged forest if primary forests are adjacent, but they do not occur in secondary forest. Forest firesContinue reading “Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus”

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi Endangered Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia, Brunei, Thailand The Storm’s Stork occurs at low densities in large, undisturbed blocks of level lowland forest, particularly freshwater and peat-swamp forests, on the floodplains of large rivers. They also frequent disturbed, recently burned and logged areas, and occasionally areas subject to tidal movements, although these mayContinue reading “Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi”

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus Endangered Borneo, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Bangladesh, India, Singapore The Masked Finfoot lives principally in rivers in lowland riverine forest including mangroves, but has been recorded in coastal and inland wetlands, such as tidal creeks, flooded forest, swamps and lakes (rarely reservoirs or industrial pools on passage). OneContinue reading “Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus”

Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus

Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus Endangered Indonesia, Thailand, Sumatra The Siamang lives in primary and secondary semi-deciduous and tropical evergreen forest. All levels of the canopy are used, although emergent trees are required for resting and sleeping. Siamangs occur at lower densities in secondary forest, but can persist in secondary areas. They range from the lowlands upContinue reading “Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus”

Smoky Flying Squirrel Pteromyscus pulverulentus

Smoky Flying Squirrel Pteromyscus pulverulentus Endangered Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia (Sumatera, Kalimantan); Malaysia (Sarawak, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah); Thailand The Smoky Flying Squirrel lives in tree hollows in tall, undisturbed lowland primary forest (below 3,000 m asl), but they also rely on exposed nests. They are less common at higher elevations but a few populations have been foundContinue reading “Smoky Flying Squirrel Pteromyscus pulverulentus”

Southeast Asian Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis

Southeast Asian Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis Endangered Bangladesh; Brunei; India; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Vietnam The Southeast Asian Box Turtle is largely restricted to standing water bodies, but opportunistically inhabits most types of water bodies except large rivers and reservoirs. They prefer lowland swampy areas with dense vegetation, but also occurs in intermittentContinue reading “Southeast Asian Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis”

Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus

Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus Endangered Indonesia (Sumatera); Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand Population declines are estimated to have been greater than 50% in the past three generations (36 years) driven primarily by large scale conversion of tapir habitat to palm oil plantations and other human dominated land-use. The main reason for declines in the past is habitatContinue reading “Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus”

Black-spotted Cuscus Spilocuscus rufoniger

Black-spotted Cuscus Spilocuscus rufoniger Endangered Locations: West Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea The Black Spotted Cuscus prefers primary lowland and lower-montane tropical forests. They are also less commonly found in secondary forest. They are most likely to be nocturnal (L. Salas pers. comm.). This species is threatened by preferential hunting by local people forContinue reading “Black-spotted Cuscus Spilocuscus rufoniger”

Agile Gibbon Hylobates agilis

Agile Gibbon Hylobates agilis Endangered Indonesia (Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia); Thailand The Agile Gibbon occurs at highest densities in dipterocarp-dominated forests, but their known habitat ranges from swamp and lowland forests to hill, submontane, and montane forests (O’Brien et al. 2004; Yanuar 2009). Additionally, populations in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Sumatra do notContinue reading “Agile Gibbon Hylobates agilis”

Southern River Terrapin Batagur affinis

Southern River Terrapin Batagur affinis Critically Endangered Extant (resident): Cambodia; Indonesia (Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia); Thailand Extinct: Singapore Presence Uncertain: Vietnam The Southern River Terrapin inhabits estuaries, mangrove creeks, lower river sections, and coastal lagoons, generally in areas influenced by the tide, but may also occur substantial distances upriver (e.g. Perak). Habitat alteration and destructionContinue reading “Southern River Terrapin Batagur affinis”

Asian Giant Tortoise Manouria emys

Asian Giant Tortoise Manouria emys Critically Endangered Extant (resident): Bangladesh; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand Extinct: Singapore The Asian Giant Tortoise exclusively inhabits evergreen forest, from lowland regions up to altitudes of about 1,000 m (typically 600-1,500 m). The animals appreciate moisture and are typically found near water and frequently burrow in damp soil (NutphandContinue reading “Asian Giant Tortoise Manouria emys”

Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata

Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata Critically Endangered Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; India; Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam Elongated Tortoises inhabit primarily deciduous forest types (Sal, Dry Dipterocarp, Mixed Deciduous forests) with open, broken canopy allowing sufficient light for a moderate to very dense undergrowth of grasses and herbs; during the dry, leafless season animals may retreatContinue reading “Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata”

Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis

Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis Critically Endangered The painted terrapin, painted batagur, or saw-jawed turtle (Batagur borneoensis) is a species of turtle found in the rainforests of Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra and Kalimantan), Malaysia, and Thailand. Harvesting by fishermen to eat, poaching to meet pet and food demand, habitat loss due to land conversion to palm oil,Continue reading “Painted Terrapin Batagur borneoensis”

Thailand Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros halophyllus

Thailand Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros halophyllus Vulnerable Malaysia, Thailand Bats are absolutely essential to forest eco-systems. They pollinate plants and make the forest grow and also control insect populations. The Thailand Leaf-nosed Bat is species of Indonesian bat that is vulnerable and experiencing rapid loss of their limestone habitat in the area due to limestone miningContinue reading “Thailand Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros halophyllus”

Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis

Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis Vulnerable Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam The Mainland Serow is a forest dwelling mammal, and inhabits mountain slopes with rugged steep hills and rocky places from 100 m to 4,000 m They also inhabit lowland montane forests with gentler terrain, including flat areas withContinue reading “Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis”