The Orangutan with the golden hair: A short story by Setia Budhi @setiabudhi18

He’s a golden haired orangutan, at least that’s what the villagers called him…. He is a male of the species of Pongo pygmaeus. This orangutan appears all the time on the slopes of the Müller Mountains, located 10,000 meters from the Mantikip Dayak village in the lush green heart of Borneo. News spreads rapidly throughoutContinue reading “The Orangutan with the golden hair: A short story by Setia Budhi @setiabudhi18”

Dayak Indigenous Ethnographer Dr Setia Budhi: In His Own Words

Bio: Dr Setia Budhi Dr Setia Budhi is a senior lecturer in Anthropology and Sociology at Universitas Lambung Mangkurat. He is an indigenous advocate, forest conservationist and a research specialist in Dayak ethnography in South, Central and East Kalimantan. He completed his PhD in 2010 at UKM Malaysia under the supervision of Prof. Awang HasmadiContinue reading “Dayak Indigenous Ethnographer Dr Setia Budhi: In His Own Words”

Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata

Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Sarawak, Sabah, Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam Near Threatened Southeast Asia has one of the highest and fastest deforestation rates mainly due to logging and forest conversion for human settlements, agriculture, oil palm, coffee, rubberContinue reading “Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata”

The Stealth and Beauty of the Clouded Leopard

Every so often here at The Nature Nook, we’ll be posting pictures of animals to see if readers can guess what they are before the answer is revealed below. Our first What Animal Is It? is the clouded leopard, in recognition of the fact that today, August 4, is International Clouded Leopard Day. Found inContinue reading “The Stealth and Beauty of the Clouded Leopard”

Bearded Pig Sus barbatus

Bearded Pig Sus barbatus Vulnerable Extant (resident): Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak, Sabah) Possibly Extinct: Philippines Extinct: Singapore The Bearded Pig has hair which grows along its lower jaw that resembles a beard – giving the animal its name as well as a defining characteristic which differentiates it from other wildContinue reading “Bearded Pig Sus barbatus”

Bornean Gibbon Hylobates muelleri

Bornean Gibbon Hylobates muelleri Endangered Borneo The Bornean Gibbon, also known as the Gray Gibbon or the Mueller’s Gibbon belongs to the genus Hylobates. The word Hylobates means ‘Forest Walker’ in Greek. The gibbons in this genus are known for the white circle of fur around their faces. They are known to communicate in species-specificContinue reading “Bornean Gibbon Hylobates muelleri”

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi

Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi Endangered Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia, Brunei, Thailand The Storm’s Stork occurs at low densities in large, undisturbed blocks of level lowland forest, particularly freshwater and peat-swamp forests, on the floodplains of large rivers. They also frequent disturbed, recently burned and logged areas, and occasionally areas subject to tidal movements, although these mayContinue reading “Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi”

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus Endangered Borneo, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Bangladesh, India, Singapore The Masked Finfoot lives principally in rivers in lowland riverine forest including mangroves, but has been recorded in coastal and inland wetlands, such as tidal creeks, flooded forest, swamps and lakes (rarely reservoirs or industrial pools on passage). OneContinue reading “Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus”

Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri

Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri Endangered Indonesia (Kalimantan); Malaysia (Borneo) The ecological needs of the Bornean Peacock-pheasant are poorly understood. Analyses using geographical information systems (GIS) indicate that they live in the lowland plain and lowland dipterocarp forest on moderately fertile soils, probably avoiding wetter substrates in swamp-forest or near water-bodies. A recent study further confirmedContinue reading “Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri”

Bornean Ferret Badger Melogale everetti

Bornean Ferret Badger Melogale everetti Endangered Location: Borneo, Malaysia (Sabah) All records of Bornean Ferret Badger seem to come from within evergreen hill and montane forest or adjacent scrubland. J.A. Eaton (pers. comm. 2014) saw one along a main road through shrubby secondary regrowth between two villages, but this was only a couple of hundred metres from tallContinue reading “Bornean Ferret Badger Melogale everetti”

Bornean Rainbow Toad Ansonia latidisca

Bornean Rainbow Toad Ansonia latidisca Endangered Indonesia (Kalimantan); Malaysia (Sarawak) The Bornean Rainbow Toad lives in primary, hilly montane rainforest. Individuals are entirely arboreal, except juveniles that have been found near permanent streams. They are speculated that this species spawns in streams and have torrent-adapted tadpoles. If they are similar to other members of its genus,Continue reading “Bornean Rainbow Toad Ansonia latidisca”

Borneo Bay Cat Catopuma badia

Borneo Bay Cat Catopuma badia Endangered Indonesia, Malaysia Brunei (Presence unknown) The Borneo Bay Cat appears to be forest dependent, with records from hill and lowland forest as well as swamp forest (Meijaard 1997, Azlan et al. 2003, Hearn 2003, Bricknell 2003, Azlan and Sanderson 2007, Yasuda et al. 2007, Sastramidjaja et al. in press,Continue reading “Borneo Bay Cat Catopuma badia”

Bornean Banded Langur Presbytis chrysomelas

Bornean Banded Langur Presbytis chrysomelas Critically Endangered Brunei; Indonesia (Kalimantan); Malaysia (Sarawak) The Bornean Banded Langur is found in swamp and lowland forests, as well as mangrove. The average size of groups is around 3-7 individuals (J. Hon pers. Comm). This species of Langur is listed as Critically Endangered as it is only known fromContinue reading “Bornean Banded Langur Presbytis chrysomelas”

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae Endangered Indonesia (Sumatra) A species of bird that lives in montane evergreen forest in Sumatra, Indonesia. The species has undergone a very rapid decline across the majority of their range due to trapping for the cage bird trade along with habitat loss. The species is now absent from sites at whichContinue reading “Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae”

Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media

Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media Endangered Indonesia The Sumatran Leafbird occurs in the middle and upper strata of lowland evergreen forest in Sumatra, Indonesia, in secondary forest, plantations and village orchards from 600-1000 m. The population is considered to be declining at a rapid rate due to trapping for the cage bird trade in conjunction withContinue reading “Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media”

Tiger Panthera tigris

Tiger Panthera tigris Endangered Population: Around 3,900 Tigers are found mainly in the forests of tropical Asia, although they historically have occurred more widely in drier and colder climes. One subspecies, the Amur Tiger P. t. altaica, persists in the Russian Far East. Photos of Tigers up to 4,500 m have been obtained in BhutanContinue reading “Tiger Panthera tigris”

Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Critically Endangered Population: fewer than 1,500 The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest rhino in the world and is also the closest living relatives to the now-extinct woolly rhinos. Their population is unstable, threatened by poaching as well as the destruction of their habitat by unsustainable palm oil production. The species inhabitsContinue reading “Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis”

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis Critically Endangered Population: fewer than 1,500 A mini sized Asian elephant subspecies is the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. These elephants are Critically Endangered. Borneo’s elephants are genetically distinct from any South and Southeast Asian population and may have been isolated for over 300,000 years. Elephants in Asia inhabit regions thatContinue reading “Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis”

Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus

Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus Critically Endangered Population: 2,400 – 2,800 While Sumatra is home to several of the country’s largest national parks, many areas in these parks are destroyed—illegally—to produce palm oil. The Sumatran subspecies of elephant is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) WWF While Sumatra is home to several of the country’s largestContinue reading “Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus”

Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis

Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis Critically Endangered Population: 800 Due to high levels of habitat conversion and fragmentation, and illegal killing, Tapanuli Orangutans are estimated to have experienced a significant population reduction in recent decades. Forest loss data indicate that orangutan habitat below 500 m asl of both P. tapanuliensis and P. abelii was reduced byContinue reading “Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis”