The Harlequin Poison Frog has a great variety of beautiful and vivid color morphs, which differ from one valley to the next in its native range. The base color is a bright orange, with a webbing of black over the entire body. The Harlequin poison frog (Oophaga histrionica), also known as the harlequin poison-dart frog, is endemic to the El Chocó region of western Colombia. The frog is normally found on the ground of tropical rain forests, among fallen limbs or leaf litter.
The major threats to the Harlequin Poison Frog are deforestation caused by small-scale agriculture, including livestock, mining activities, and logging, resulting in degraded and fragmented forest at the only known locality (M. Pareja pers. comm. February 2019). However, some patches are still in good condition (M. Pareja pers. comm. February 2019). Pollution associated with mining also represents a threat to the species.
The Harlequin Poison Frog comes in a vibrant array of colour morphs. Critically endangered @IUCNredlist in rainforests of #Colombia #SouthAmerica due to #mining #livestock #palmoil #deforestation. Support this species #Boycott4WidlifeTweet
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IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2019. Oophaga histrionica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T144231367A144443857. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T144231367A144443857.en. Downloaded on 16 February 2021.
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