Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Borneo Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Critically Endangered

Population: fewer than 1,500

Fewer than 1,500 Bornean Pygmy Elephants remain alive in #Borneo, they are critically endangered, as #palmoil #deforestation is out of control. Help them and #Boycottpalmoil #Boycott4Wildlife in the supermarket

The Borneo Pygmy Elephant is a diminuitive subspecies of the Asian Elephant. These gentle and compact elephants are critically endangered due mainly to #palmoil deforestation and human persecution, with fewer than 1,500 individual elephants left alive.

Borneo’s elephants are genetically distinct from any South and Southeast Asian population and may have been isolated for over 300,000 years. Destruction across their range for corporate greed is out of control. Help their survival every time you shop and #Boycottpalmoil #Boycott4Wildlife

Elephants in Asia inhabit regions that also have large human populations, growing at a rate of 0.5–1.5% per annum (Cincotta et al. 2000), and this has associated impacts on elephant habitats through deforestation and various developmental pressures (e.g. Miettinen et al. 2011).

The Asian Elephant is one of the last few mega-herbivores (i.e. plant-eating mammals that reach an adult body weight in excess of 1,000 kg) still extant on earth (Owen-Smith, 1988).

Only 1,500 or so of these pachyderms live on Borneo, an island where palm oil production continues to encroach on their habitat.


The spread of human settlements, plantations, industry, farming, mining and linear infrastructures (roads, railway lines, irrigation canals, power lines, pipelines) have squeezed extant elephant populations into ever-decreasing pockets of forests and have blocked traditional migratory routes (Santiapillai and Jackson 1990; Leimgruberet al. 2003; Sukumar 1989, 2003, 2006; Hedges 2006; Menon et al. 2005, 2017). In the context of such drastic natural habitat modifications, the continued existence of Asian Elephants depends on the retention of core habitats, restoring highly degraded habitats, and establishing and maintaining connectivity between forested habitats (Menon et al. 2005, 2017; Goswami et al. 2014a).

Further Information


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Published by Palm Oil Detectives

Hi, I’m Palm Oil Detective’s Editor in Chief. Palm Oil Detectives is partly a consumer website about palm oil in products and partly an online community for writers, artists and musicians to showcase their work and express their love for endangered species. I have a strong voice for creatures great and small threatened by deforestation. With our collective power we can shift the greed of the retail industry and influence big palm oil to stop cutting down forests. Be bold! Be courageous! Join me and stand up for the animals with your art and your supermarket choices!

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