Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Borneo Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Critically Endangered

Population: fewer than 1,500

A mini sized Asian elephant subspecies is the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. These elephants are Critically Endangered. Borneo’s elephants are genetically distinct from any South and Southeast Asian population and may have been isolated for over 300,000 years. Elephants in Asia inhabit regions that also have large human populations, growing at a rate of 0.5–1.5% per annum (Cincotta et al. 2000), and this has associated impacts on elephant habitats through deforestation and various developmental pressures (e.g. Miettinen et al. 2011).

According to @IUCNredlist <1,500 Bornean Pygmy Elephants remain alive in Borneo, they are critically endangered as #palmoil #deforestation is out of control. Have your say in the supermarket with a #palmoil #Boycott4Wildlife

The Asian Elephant is one of the last few mega-herbivores (i.e. plant-eating mammals that reach an adult body weight in excess of 1,000 kg) still extant on earth (Owen-Smith, 1988).

Only 1,500 or so of these pachyderms live on Borneo, an island where palm oil production continues to encroach on their habitat.


The spread of human settlements, plantations, industry, farming, mining and linear infrastructures (roads, railway lines, irrigation canals, power lines, pipelines) have squeezed extant elephant populations into ever-decreasing pockets of forests and have blocked traditional migratory routes (Santiapillai and Jackson 1990; Leimgruberet al. 2003; Sukumar 1989, 2003, 2006; Hedges 2006; Menon et al. 2005, 2017). In the context of such drastic natural habitat modifications, the continued existence of Asian Elephants depends on the retention of core habitats, restoring highly degraded habitats, and establishing and maintaining connectivity between forested habitats (Menon et al. 2005, 2017; Goswami et al. 2014a).

Further Information


Contribute in four ways

  1. Creatives: Promote your creative business and use your creative expertise to raise awareness and join the fight to save endangered species. Join us!
  2. Conservationists: Showcase your conservation work and activism, blog about the urgent issues that are vital right now. Find out more!
  3. Animal lovers: Big supermarket brands are directly contributing to this species’ extinction by destroying forests. You can join the #Boycott4Wildlife by sharing information from this website and boycotting brands in the supermarket.
  4. Activists in the UK, sign this petition: Prohibit the sale and use in the UK of palm oil and its derivatives in foods. Sign now!

Published by Palm Oil Detectives

Hi, I’m Palm Oil Detective’s Editor in Chief. Palm Oil Detectives is partly a consumer website about palm oil in products and partly an online community for writers, artists and musicians to showcase their work and express their love for endangered species. I have a strong voice for creatures great and small threatened by deforestation. With our collective power we can shift the greed of the retail industry and influence big palm oil to stop cutting down forests. Be bold! Be courageous! Join me and stand up for the animals with your art and your supermarket choices!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: