Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus

Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus Vulnerable Locations: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. Sun Bears are a forest-dependent species, favouring interior mature and/or heterogeneously structured primary forests (Augeri 2005). There are two ecologically distinct categories of tropical forest that comprise their natural range, distinguished by differences in climate, phenology, and floristic composition:Continue reading “Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus”

Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos

Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos Endangered This primate species is endemic to Sumatra and is tolerant of habitat conversion to a degree (V. Nijman pers. comm.), and can be found in disturbed and secondary forest areas. The Yellow-handed Mitered Langur have also been found in primary and secondary hill rainforest, shrub forest and plantations. ThisContinue reading “Yellow-handed Mitered Langur Presbytis melalophos”

Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi

Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi Vulnerable Sumatra, Indonesia The Thomas’s Langur is a species of primate that has been recorded from undisturbed primary rainforest near Ketambe Research Station in Sumatra (Sterck et al. 2005). They have also been recorded from a mosaic of primary and secondary forest with rubber plantations on its fringes (Wich and deContinue reading “Thomas’s Langur Presbytis thomasi”

Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii

Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii Vulnerable Sumatra, Indonesia The Sumatran Cochoa is a bird living in the middle and upper storeys of tropical lower montane forest between 1,000 m and 2,200 m in Sumatra, Indonesia. This species qualifies as Vulnerable because they occur at very low densities and thus is suspected to have a small population, theyContinue reading “Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii”

Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis

Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis Vulnerable Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam The Mainland Serow is a forest dwelling mammal, and inhabits mountain slopes with rugged steep hills and rocky places from 100 m to 4,000 m They also inhabit lowland montane forests with gentler terrain, including flat areas withContinue reading “Mainland Serow Capricornis sumatraensis”

Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor

Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor Endangered Indonesia (Sumatera) The Sumatran Laughingthrush is known from montane forest (with unsubstantiated reports of a lowland population in Berbak Game Reserve, Jambi) in Sumatra, Indonesia. They live in flocks in the middle and lower storeys of forest sometimes coming to the ground. The principal threat to this species is theContinue reading “Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor”

Otter Civet Cynogale bennettii

Otter Civet Cynogale bennettii Endangered Extant (resident): Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak) Presence Uncertain: Thailand Little is known of Otter Civet habitat and ecology. This species was believed to be confined largely to peat swamp forests, but there are now also records from lowland dipterocarp forest (Sebastian 2005, Cheyne et al. in prep.). TheyContinue reading “Otter Civet Cynogale bennettii”

Blue-backed Parrot Tanygnathus everetti

Blue-backed Parrot Tanygnathus everetti Endangered Location: Philippines Nearly one-third of parrot species in the world are threatened with extinction. According to a 2021 study, current protected areas are not sufficient to protect parrot diversity, overlapping with only 10% of the geographic range of all parrot species. Agriculture is the main threat to parrots and isContinue reading “Blue-backed Parrot Tanygnathus everetti”

Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana

Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana Endangered Extant (resident): Cambodia; Indonesia; Malaysia; Thailand; Vietnam Possibly Extinct: Brunei Extinct: India; Myanmar Presence Uncertain: Laos Hairy-nosed Otters live in freshwater and coastal areas, especially mangroves in Indonesia, as well as rivers and waterways of other parts of South East Asia including Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. However thisContinue reading “Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana”

Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis

Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis Critically Endangered Location: Sumatra, Indonesia The Sumatran Ground-cuckoo is a poorly known terrestrial forest bird is thought to have an extremely small and declining population, and as such they qualify as Critically Endangered, although further information might warrant a reassessment of their status. This species is endemic to the island ofContinue reading “Sumatran Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx viridis”

Sumatran Slow Loris Nycticebus hilleri

This wide-eyed and cute slow loris species lives in areas such as lowland forest, sub-montane forest, and montane forest in the Ulu Masen (Kasia et al. 2011). A key threat to the Sumatran Slow Loris is habitat loss (Kasia et al. 2011). They are easy to catch when forest is converted to palm oil and other crops.

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae

Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae Endangered Indonesia (Sumatra) A species of bird that lives in montane evergreen forest in Sumatra, Indonesia. The species has undergone a very rapid decline across the majority of their range due to trapping for the cage bird trade along with habitat loss. The species is now absent from sites at whichContinue reading “Sumatran Mesia Leiothrix laurinae”

Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media

Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media Endangered Indonesia The Sumatran Leafbird occurs in the middle and upper strata of lowland evergreen forest in Sumatra, Indonesia, in secondary forest, plantations and village orchards from 600-1000 m. The population is considered to be declining at a rapid rate due to trapping for the cage bird trade in conjunction withContinue reading “Sumatran Leafbird Chloropsis media”

Tiger Panthera tigris

Tiger Panthera tigris Endangered Population: Around 3,900 Tigers are found mainly in the forests of tropical Asia, although they historically have occurred more widely in drier and colder climes. One subspecies, the Amur Tiger P. t. altaica, persists in the Russian Far East. Photos of Tigers up to 4,500 m have been obtained in BhutanContinue reading “Tiger Panthera tigris”

Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Critically Endangered Population: fewer than 1,500 The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest rhino in the world and is also the closest living relatives to the now-extinct woolly rhinos. Their population is unstable, threatened by poaching as well as the destruction of their habitat by unsustainable palm oil production. The species inhabitsContinue reading “Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus sumatrensis”

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis

Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis Critically Endangered Population: fewer than 1,500 A mini sized Asian elephant subspecies is the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. These elephants are Critically Endangered. Borneo’s elephants are genetically distinct from any South and Southeast Asian population and may have been isolated for over 300,000 years. Elephants in Asia inhabit regions thatContinue reading “Bornean Pygmy Elephant Elephas maximus borneensis”

Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus

Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus Critically Endangered Population: 2,400 – 2,800 While Sumatra is home to several of the country’s largest national parks, many areas in these parks are destroyed—illegally—to produce palm oil. The Sumatran subspecies of elephant is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) WWF While Sumatra is home to several of the country’s largestContinue reading “Sumatran Elephant Elephas maximus sumatranus”

Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis

Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis Critically Endangered Population: 800 Due to high levels of habitat conversion and fragmentation, and illegal killing, Tapanuli Orangutans are estimated to have experienced a significant population reduction in recent decades. Forest loss data indicate that orangutan habitat below 500 m asl of both P. tapanuliensis and P. abelii was reduced byContinue reading “Tapanuli Orangutan Pongo tapanuliensis”

Bornean Orangutan Pongo pygmaeus

Bornean Orangutan Pongo pygmaeus Critically Endangered Population: 104,700 Bornean Orangutans are the largest arboreal mammals in the world, although they walk significant distances on the ground (Ancrenaz et al. 2014). Historically, Bornean Orangutans were most abundant in in lowland rainforests and Dipterocarp mosaic forests, where movement between different habitat types could buffer them against shortages inContinue reading “Bornean Orangutan Pongo pygmaeus”

Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii

Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii Critically Endangered Population: 13,846 Sumatran Orangutans inhabit moist lowland forest, montane forest and peat swamps. They are diurnal and almost exclusively arboreal; females virtually never travel on the ground and adult males do so only rarely. Sumatran Orangutans are primarily frugivores, but also eat young and mature leaves, seeds, shoots, pith,Continue reading “Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii”